Bed bugs are insects 5 to 10 mm in length; they are reddish brown, oval, flat and wingless. Bed bugs are not specifically nocturnal, they are however wary of bright lights and are more likely to come out of hiding in darker or dimmer environments. There are over 90 bed bug species, the most common of which the Cimex lectularius is the culprit behind the red itchy swollen welts on humans and animals. Bed bugs got their name not only because they are known to dwell in beds, headboards, bed frames, mattresses or springs. The name spawned for their modus operandi of snacking on warm blooded creatures whilst their victim is asleep which means they are often in bed, hence the name bed bugs. Known to leave there bite marks in a row, bed bugs take 3 to 10 minutes to satiate their hunger. Studies have shown that this little blood suckers have been around since ancient times and it’s not surprising given the fact that these parasitic insects are capable of lasting up to 18 months without a meal if hosts are unavailable.
Many wonder how is it possible to get bed bugs when unlike mosquitoes these insects are wingless making their commute seemingly difficult. Bed bugs cannot jump as high as fleas but they do employ the hitchhiking method. Hosts like humans or animals make good transportation services. All it takes is for a bug to latch itself onto its chosen transport service and you have a bug that gets to travel conveniently. Hotels, bed and breakfast’s, hostels, motels and the like are just some places where a sneaky little bug can originate from.
Even economic times or even design and style preferences can also be a major cause of bed bugs infiltrating households. This is possible when a person dumpster dives, or even picks up flea market finds. Why do you think it was named a flea market? The likelihood of bringing home a new inexpensive item accompanied by little inhabitants such as fleas and others bugs is one of the more negative characterization of a flea market. Sofa creases, seams, frames, springs and the like are just some spots that could be providing a home to these un-welcomed house guests. As aforementioned bed bugs are oval and flat these make it easier for them to get into tight tiny spaces which could instantly become their home. A more likely spot for them to dwell in are dim areas that are shielded from sunlight. This is the reason why it is misconceived that bed bugs are nocturnal when in fact they do not have any problem feasting on some blood during the day time as long as it is shielded from light or mimics a night time atmosphere. Bed bugs are sociable creatures that can hide in groups or on their own. If you want to protect your mattress you might also think about trapping the bed bugs to prevent spreading by using a Bed Bug Mattress Cover.
In most cases apartment or condo tenants are unaware that their home has long been infested by these bugs to move in. Remember it only takes one household to be infested for the neighboring units to be infected as well.